Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is one of the most common in childhood. In Spain the figures indicate that it affects 5% of children. However, despite the fact that it is a fairly common problem (it is estimated that there are one or two children with this disorder in each class), not all teachers know how to handle it.
However, we must bear in mind that handling in the classroom can solve 80% of the difficulties faced by the child. With proper care, the school success rate among children with ADHD reaches 70%, a figure comparable to that achieved with other students.
The ADHD children spend much of their time at school, the area where they present the biggest problems, so teachers should play a key role in treatment.
Know the disorder in depth
Teachers who have a child with ADHD in their classroom should learn about the characteristics of this disorder. In this way they will be able to understand the student better and will have more patience when explaining those aspects that they do not understand.
Use practical examples
In this way, they can more easily capture the child’s attention and, at the same time, motivate him to learn the content. Also, practical examples are always easier to understand than theory outright.
Divide the material into small units
Children with ADHD find it difficult to stay focused for long on the same activity, so it is recommended that school assignments be divided into short and simple units. It is also advisable to use colors to highlight the main information and to make sure that there is not too much information on the board.
Positively reinforce their contributions in class
Children with ADHD often carry a history of school neglect with them so they do not always dare to speak up in class. For this reason, teachers should positively reinforce their contributions, so that they feel motivated to pay attention and be actively involved in the class.
Assign a tutor
In the classroom, the teacher cannot always give individual attention to all the children, but she can seat the youngsters with difficulties with a partner who can act as a tutor. This can explain a step that has been missed, make sure that you have written down your homework correctly or motivate you when you notice that you have lost concentration. In fact, this type of tutoring is a measure that is being applied in many schools and is yielding excellent results.
Proper distribution of class seats
Children with ADHD are often easily distracted so they should not be sitting near a window or door. Ideally, they should be close to the teacher. Tables with groups should also be avoided, the lines are better to keep the concentration of all the students.
Keep an agenda of homework with parents
ADHD is not only treated at school but also at home. Therefore, a good strategy is for teachers to make an agenda in which they reflect what the child has done in class and the homework they must do at home. In addition, at least once a month face-to-face meetings with parents should be planned to assess progress.